An Analysis of the Social Functions of the Gongtang from the View of "Tong-zhi-bu"
- 南海研究院-发表论文 
"吧国公堂",即荷属印度尼西亚的"巴达维亚华人评议会"(the Chinese Council in Batavia),俗称"公馆"。"吧国公堂",建于1742年,终于1950年代,历经荷兰东印度公司时期和荷印殖民政府时期,其社会职能也有一定的变化,并呈现出不断弱化的趋势。通过对公堂未刊档案之《公堂通知簿》进行分析,可以看出,荷印殖民政府时期的公堂,其社会职能是"一个集司法、民政,以及公益福利事业等诸多社会功能为一体的半官方的自治管理机构"。The"Gongtang",namely "the Chinese Council in Batavia",was a semi- official autonomous management agency of Chinese in Batavia,which had a set of social functions of justice,civil affairs,as well as public welfare undertakings and so on. It was founded in 1742,and ended in 1950 s. After colonial administration of the VOC and Dutch East Indies,Gongtangs' social function also had some changes,and had a trend of weakening. This article try to analyze these changes by using the precious archives of "Tong- zhi- bu".