The Body and Nothingness： From the perspective of Marxist capital criticism
- 马列主义－已发表论文 
在身体与灵魂的二分中,柏拉图以来的传统形而上学强调灵魂、理性、思想对身体的贬低、鄙视和压制,尼采颠覆了这一传统,他反对以理性为准绳,主张身体才是生命的基本条件,强调＂对肉体的信仰＂。尼采肇始的以身体为中心代替以灵魂为中心的观点,并没有自然而然地导致身体的解放。相反,伴随现代资本主义的发展,身体不可避免地被资本强暴了,它被纳入资本的结构化运作体系之中,异化为工具性和效用性的存在。资本主义生产关系条件下的身体异化有两种情况,一种是生产性的身体异化,另一种是消费性的身体异化。这两种异化都是在空间生产过程中完成的。身体及其异化造成意义的消解。具体来讲,它造成三种不同类型的虚无主义：尼采意义上的虚无主义;马克思意义上的生产主义虚无主义;鲍德里亚意义上的消费主义虚无主义。克服虚无主义的关键在于资本原则的超出,就此而言,马克思依然彰显出当代意义。In the binary division between the body and spirit, the traditional metaphysics ever since Plato has emphasized devaluation, distaining and suppressing of spirit, reason and thought upon the body. Nietzsche subverted this tradition by fighting against the reason-oriented principle. He held that the body should be the fundamental condition for life and stressed flesh worship. However, this body-centred view to replace the spirit-centred doctrine did not naturally lead to liberation of the body. On the contrary, the body has been inevitably violated along the development of modern Capitalism. tn fact, the body was taken into the structural operation system of the capital and hence alienated as being of instrumentality and efficacy. There are two types of body alienaition under the Capitalist production relation. One is productive body alienation and the other is consumptive body alienation, both being realized in the process of space production. The body and its alienation has caused dispelling of meaning. In particular, it caused three types of nothingness： that in the Nietzsche sense; that of productionism in the Marxist sense; and that of the consumerism in the Jean-Baudrillard sense. The key to overcome nothingness rests with going beyond the capitalist principle, regarding which Marxism still shows its contemporary meaning.