Imperial Natural History’s Spatial Characteristics and Its View of Nature
"自然经济"源自欧洲自然神学传统,"经济"意指造物主创造了一个精致和谐的世界,但帝国博物学理论和实践中的"经济",开始具有世俗经济利益或者准确说是国家财富的意思。帝国博物学进路在认知层面的基本任务是用"科学"的命名法和分类法,把名词赋予物,用普遍性、客观性实现物种的去地方性,后殖民主义史学将其称为西方话语霸权。帝国博物学进路在实作层面的基本诉求是在全球范围内重新配置生物资源,实现帝国的自给自足并增进国家财富,由此引发的生物扩张深刻改变了全球生态及新旧世界的格局。帝国博物学路径下认知和实作两个层面的空间范式以人类中心主义和机械自然观为理论基础。The term ＇ nature＇ s economy＇ originated from natural theology ,which means the world that God Created is wonderfu[ and harmony. However in the theory of imperial natural history, the term ＇ economy＇ refers to secular benefit, exactly speaking national wealth. In cognitive perspective, the es- sential mission of imperial natural history is to use scientific classification and nomenclature to remove the context and location of the plants, so that foreign plants change into the global species which have a unified label, which is called Western Discourse Hegemony by postcolonial historians. While in practical perspective, the basic appeal of imperial natural history is to reallocate natural resources in the whole world, so that their nations could realize self - sufficiency and increase the wealth, which causes the biological expansion changing the pattern of global ecology deeply. The Anthropocentrism and mechanical view of nature formed the theoretical basis of imperial natural historian spatial characteristics.