Effects of Foreign Demand on Energy of China from a Global Production Chain Perspective:An Empirical Analysis based on the MRIO Model
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
利用多区域投入产出(MRIO)模型,基于WIOD数据库分析1995—2009年外需对中国能源消耗的影响,并通过结构分解分析(SDA)考察影响我国外需能耗变化的关键因素。结果表明,研究期间美、欧、日等附件I的发达国家通过进口替代向中国转移了大量的能耗;中国外需能耗的快速增加主要归因于中国中间产品的出口效应,其次是主要发达国家与发展中国家最终需求的国别结构和规模变动因素导致,而国内生产部门不断降低的各类能源强度则是抑制中国外需能耗增加的主要因素。Based on WIOD database,We estimated the effects of foreign demand on energy of China in 1995-2009 w ith M ulti-Regional Input-Output( M RIO) M odel,and examined the key factors that affect the energy for foreign demand through Structural Decomposition Analysis( SDA). The results revealed that China is already the net exporter of energy embodied in foreign demand obviously. Then w e show ed that energy for foreign demand in China mainly serving the Annex I countries such as United States,Europe,Japan and other developed countries. SDA results demonstrate that the rapid increase of energy for foreign demand in China is due to China's intermediate goods exports effects,then due to country structure and size of foreign final demands,in contrast,the continuously reduced energy intensity is the main factor for inhibiting its increase.