Has Chinese Manufacturing Fallen in “Low Skill Equilibrium”
- 经济学院－已发表论文 
依据"低技术均衡"的定义,本文利用中国制造业的相关数据,分低技术、中低技术、中高技术、高技术四个技术产业类型进行协整分析和格兰杰因果关系检验。研究发现,中国制造业确实存在"低技术均衡",但尚不存在多重均衡。摆脱"低技术陷阱",需要政府、企业和员工个人形成合力,共同推进科技进步,促进产业结构优化升级。According to the definition of "low skill equilibrium",this paper adopts the data of Chinese manufacturing industry as samples,using Cointegration Test and Granger Causality Test,to examine the causal relationship between the economic value added per capita and average wage on low-tech industries,medium-low-tech industry,medium-high-tech industry,and high-tech industry,respectively. Based on the results of the tests,we conclude that China has fallen into a "low skill equilibrium" dilemma,but there does not exist the situation of multiple equilibria. To escape the "low skill trap",we need the concerted effort between government,enterprises and individuals,to promote scientific and technological progress,and to improve and upgrade the industrial structure.