Backgrounds,status quo and typical problems of innovation and entrepreneurship education in colleges
高校开展创新创业教育是为了回应创新型国家的发展需要,也有助于缓解目前大学生的就业压力,同样适应了国际改革趋势。在国家重要政策文件的指导下,高校纷纷开始推进创新创业教育。代表性做法是修改人才培养计划,将创新创业教育纳入人才培养的全过程;成立单独的创业学院,指导大学生自主创业、参加各类创新创业竞赛。但同时也存在一些突出问题,比如创新与创业之间的割裂,创新创业教育与专业教育之间缺乏有效融合,创新创业类课程质量不高等。In order to meet the needs of developing innovative country and help to alleviate the current employment pressure of college students,innovation and entrepreneurship( I&E) education is carried out in colleges,which adapts to the tendency of international higher education reform. Colleges promote I&E education with the guidance of several important national policy documents. Representative approaches include revising the undergraduate training plans and bringing I&E education into the whole training process,establishing independent Entrepreneurship College to instruct students' entrepreneur behaviors and competitions. Meanwhile,some typical problems such as the disconnection between innovation and entrepreneurship,lacking of effective integration between I&E education and professional education,and low quality of I&E courses appear in the process of innovation and entrepreneurship education.