Analysis of Household Cost Sharing Differences in Higher Education of China between the Urban and the Rural in the Past Ten Years
- 教研院－已发表论文 
高等教育成本补偿中的城乡家庭分担差异及公平,一直是教育经济学关注的重大理论和实践问题。通过对我国2002—2011年城乡家庭收入水平及高等教育成本分担能力和差异状况的考察,揭示城乡差异背后的教育公平问题,为相关政策调控提出可行性建议。分析表明:近十年我国城乡家庭高教成本分担差异逐渐缩小,但差异依然显著;城乡家庭年人均收入增长和高教成本增长呈非一致性关系;城乡家庭的高等教育负担能力相差悬殊,城乡教育公平问题依然突出。据此,应通过多元化的高校资助体系和调整高等教育补偿政策来减少城乡高教成本分担的差异。The fairness and the household bearing differences between the rural and the urban in the cost sharing compensation in higher education and educational have always been the major theoretical and practical problems for a long time in the education and economics. Through the investigation of the cost burden ability and the differences and the family income from 2002 to 2011 in China,the education fairness problem of the diffe rences of the rural and the urban was uncovered,in order to put forward the possible suggestions for the corresponding policy control. The analysis shows that there has been a tendency to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas,but the difference is still very significant; the average annual family income increasing is non positive relationship with the cost sharing increasing of higher education; the burden abilities of higher education between the urban and the rural are quite significant,and the fairness problem of them is obvious. As a result,the change and reform of the multiple higher education funding system and compensation policies can be used to reduce the differences of higher education burden abilities between the rural and the urban.