Research on Strategies of Urban Design of Tourist Towns Basing on Humanism： Taking the Urban Design of Lulang Tourist Town of Tibet as an Example
- 建筑土木－已发表论文 
近年来我国旅游小镇建设如火如荼,然而快速发展的背后却隐藏着发展同质化,“千镇一面”,生态环境遭到破坏,原有空间肌理和传统特色文化被忽视甚至被践踏等严重问题。现阶段的旅游小镇发展策略是不可持续的。在城市设计中,价值观的确立应属于“顶层设计”的范畴。人文主义是众多学科的固有本源和应有之义,在城市学科领域,人文主义是一种强调城镇发展应以人为本,并着重历史文脉、特色文化的保护以及可持续利用,人与自然和谐发展的价值观。文章以西藏鲁朗旅游小镇城市设计项目为例,从整体生态格局的营造、历史文脉的探寻与继承、公共开放空间系统的塑造以及促进共同参与四个层面论述了人文主义视角下的旅游小镇的可持续城市设计策略,以期为同类型城市设计提供启迪。Currently, China is facing a boom of tourist town construction. However, there exists a serious crisis behind the rapid development that most of the towns are constructed homogeneously, ecosystem, original space texture and traditional culture are ignored and destroyed. The current developing strategies of tourist towns are unsustainable. Humanism is the natural origin and granted connotation of many objects. And humanism in the field of city academia emphasizes the protecting and sustainable usage of historic context and traditional culture, and that during the developing, people＇s needs and the harmony between human and nature should be considered as a priority. This study, taking the urban design practice of Lulang tourist town of Tibet as an example, discoursed the strategies of sustainable designing of tourist town basing on the humanism perspective and specifically from the aspects of building of overall ecological pattern, exploration and pursuit of historic context, shaping of public open space system and humane care, hoping to provide inspiration for analogous urban designs.