Airborne fine particle decreases the cell viability and induces inflammation in human bronchial epithelial cells
- 环境生态－已发表论文 
目的:研究大气细颗粒物(fine particulate; matter,PM_(2.5))对人支气管上皮细胞活性的影响及其炎性作用。方法:用PM_(2.5)采样器采集上海地区大气PM_(2.5)样本,扫; 描电镜观察PM_(2.5)形态特征。将人支气管上皮细胞BEAS-2B暴露于不同浓度(0,50,100,200,400,800; mug/mL)的PM_(2.5) 12,24,48 h,细胞活力检测试剂盒(cell counting kit-8,; CCK-8)法检测PM_(2.5)暴露对细胞活性的影响。实时定量PCR(quantitative real-time; PCR,qRT-PCR)检测细胞粒细胞-巨噬细胞集落刺激因子(granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating; factor,GM-CSF)和TNF-alpha mRNA的表达,Western印迹检测; GM-CSF和TNF-alpha蛋白的表达。结果:扫描电镜观察发现,PM_(2.5)形态多样,大小不一,直径大多等于或小于2.5; mum。与同时间点未暴露组比较,各暴露组(50~800; mug/mL)细胞活性呈不同程度的下降,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。与未暴露组比较,暴露于100,400或800 mug/mL; PM_(2.5) 24 h后,GM-CSF和TNF-alpha; mRNA和蛋白表达水平明显升高(P<0.05),且PM_(2.5)暴露浓度越高,GM-CSF和TNF-alpha的mRNA和蛋白升高水平越显著。; 结论:大气PM_(2.5)可引起人支气管上皮细胞的炎症反应,降低细胞活性,这可能与PM_(2.5)促发和加重支气管肺部炎性疾病有关。Objective: To investigate the effects of airborne fine particle on cell; viability and inflammation in human bronchial epithelial cells. Methods:; Atmospheric PM_(2.5) samples were collected by PM_(2.5) sampler.; PM_(2.5) morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM).; Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS- 2B) were treated with PM_(2.5); at different concentrations (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 800 mug/mL) for 12,; 24 or 48 hours, and the cell activity were evaluated by cell counting; kit-8 (CCK-8). The mRNA expression levels of (granulocyte-macrophage; colony stimulating factor,GM-CSF) and TNF-alpha were detected by; quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect; the protein expressions of GM-CSF and TNF-alpha. Results: According to; SEM, the shape of PM_(2.5) varied, and the diameter was different and; mostly equal to or less than 2.5 mum. CCK-8 assay showed that different; concentrations of PM_(2.5) exposure for 12 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours; resulted in loss of cell viability of BEAS-2B cells (P<0.05). Different; concentrations of PM_(2.5) increased the mRNA and protein expression of; GM-CSF and TNF-alpha, and the higher concentration of PM_(2.5) induced; higher expression, which have statistical significant difference between; the groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: Atmospheric PM_(2.5) can cause; inflammatory response in human bronchial epithelial cells. They can; reduce cell viability, which may be related to the PM_(2.5) trigger and; aggravation of bronchopulmonary inflammatory diseases.