AERODYNAMIC MOMENTS CONTROL OF WING MODEL USING PLASMA JET
- 航空航天－已发表论文 
为考察火花放电等离子体射流控制机翼气动力矩的效果,在NACA0021平直机翼模型上安装火花放电等离子体射流发生器,通过改变射流发生器安装位置、射流角度及加载电参数,研究其控制机翼模型气动力矩的性能及机理。在NACA0021机翼模型近前缘处,布置2个火花放电等离子体射流发生器,采用气动力测量技术,在来流风速为20 m/s时测得,攻角-4°~10°时,滚转力矩系数最大减小了0.0024,攻角为12°~16°时,滚转力矩系数最大增加了0.0021;偏航力矩系数最大减小了0.00097。实验研究结果表明:等离子体射流可改变机翼模型横航向气动力矩,并可通过改变射流角度和加载电压频率调节等离子体射流控制横向气动力矩的效果。To investigate the control effect of Spark Discharge Plasma Jets(SPJs) on the aerodynamic moments of a wing, SPJ generators were used for active flow control experimental study on an NACA0021 straight wing model. The location of SPJ generators along the chord of the airfoil, the jet flow direction relative to the chord, and the driving voltage parameters were changed to research the control effect and mechanism of SPJ generators on the aerodynamic moments of a wing model. The aerodynamic moments were measured with a six-component balance at a wind speed of 20 m/s. Two SPJ generators, arranged near the leading edge, reduced the rolling moment coefficient by a maximum of 0.0024 for angles of attack-4°~10°, but increased the rolling moment coefficient by a maximum of 0.0021 for angles of attack 12°~16°. The yaw moment coefficient was reduced by a maximum of 0.00097. The results show that aerodynamic moments control of wings can be realized using SPJs. The control effect of SPJs on the aerodynamic moments is changeable by adjusting the driving voltage frequency and the jet flow direction relative to the chord.