The Complex Dynamic System Theory and the Development of Language Communicative Ability
- 海外教育－已发表论文 
语言交际是一个多要素相互作用的系统,交际能力产生于各个要素互动的过程中,语言交际存在于个体之间真实的交流活动中,在这真实的有意义的语境,既有交际者与环境之间的互动因素,也有交际者本身各种能力综合体现。在研究汉语作为第二语言交际能力的发展时,既要重视语言交际环境要素,也要重视学习者主体多因素交融特征及个体差异。语言交际能力发展本是一个多因素、相互作用的复杂动态过程。交际能力的外在表现是表演能力,语言交际能力发展发展呈现非线性特点,就是人体综合能力的体现。语言交际能力发展的途径可以归纳为以下几个方面：（1）从自然语言交际理解语言交际能力发展;（2）发展跨模块化认知模式;（3）发展学习者主体的兴趣;（4）培养学习者主体的主动探索能力;（5）加强课内与课外的互动关系;（6）培养学习者主体广义上的表演能力。Language communication is a system of interacting elements,and the communicative ability arises from the interaction of these elements,so language communication exists in the real communication activities between individuals,in this real and meaningful context,there has interactive factors between the communicator and the environment,but also the comprehensive capacities of the communicators themselves. On the study of the development of communicative ability in teaching Chinese as a second language,we should not only pay attention to the factors of language communication environment,but also pay attention to learner＇s main body,multi factor blending and individual difference. The development of language communicative ability is a complex dynamic process with many factors and interactions. The external expression of communicative ability is performative competence,and the development of communicative ability is characterized by nonlinearity,which is the embodiment of the comprehensive ability of the human body. So the ways to develop the language communicative ability can be summarized as follows：First,understand the development of language communicative ability from the perspective of natural language communication; Second,develop the cross modular cognitive model; Third,develop the learner＇s interest; Fourth,develop the learner＇s initiative exploration ability; Fifth,strengthen the interaction between curricular and extracurricular activities; Finally,develop the learner＇s performative competence in a broad sense.