Epidemiological study on the mortality associated with leukemia cancer in residents in Xiamen City
- 公共卫生－已发表论文 
目的探讨厦门市居民白血病死亡变化趋势,为厦门市白血病综合防治工作提供依据。方法收集整理2005~2014年厦门市居民白血病死亡资料,计算死亡率等评价指标,用多因素logistic回归分析白血病死亡的影响因素。结果 2005~2014年,厦门市居民白血病死亡率3.62/10万,男性死亡率是女性的1.38倍;0~4岁组白血病死亡率较高,之后在较低水平波动,55岁后随着年龄的升高死亡率迅速升高;死亡年龄中位数为54岁,10年间死亡率处于较平稳水平(P>0.05)。男性(OR=1.46,95%CI:1.25~1.71)和年龄(OR=1.18,95%CI:1.16~1.20)可能是白血病死亡的危险因素。结论厦门市居民白血病死亡率处于较平稳水平,未来应以男性、儿童和老年人群作为重点关注对象,重视白血病防治工作。Objective To investigate the trend of mortality associated with leukemia cancer in residents in Xiamen City for evidences in prevention and treatment of this disease. Methods The data of residents dying from leukemia cancer were collected in Xiamen from 2005 to 2014, and the death rate was calculated. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting the death of leukemia cancer. Results The average mortality for leukemia cancer was 3.62 per 100 000 population between 2005 and 2014. The death rate in men was 1.38 times than that of women, and higher in population ranging from 0 to 4 years old. Although the mortality remained lower and fluctuated in ages between 5 and 54 years, yet was significantly higher after 55 years and tended to grow with ages. The median age of death was 54 years old, and the mortality remained stable in10 years of periods(P>0.05). The risks for death of leukemia cancer were associated with male(OR=1.46; 95%CI: 1.25-1.71) and age(OR=1.18; 95% CI:1.16-1.20). Conclusion The mortality for leukemia cancer appears relatively lower in population in Xiamen City in current stage. However, following prevention and treatment of this entity should be focused on men, young children and the aged.