Epidemiologic Study on Mortality Due to Lung Cancer in Residents in Xiamen in 2005-2014
- 公共卫生－已发表论文 
目的探讨厦门市居民肺癌死亡变化趋势,为厦门市肺癌综合防治工作提供依据。方法收集整理2005-2014年厦门市居民肺癌死亡资料,计算死亡率等评价指标,用多因素Logistic回归分析肺癌死亡的影响因素。结果 2005-2014年,厦门市居民肺癌死亡率为28.58/10万,年均上升4.86%,男性是女性的2.90倍;死亡率随着年龄的增长逐渐升高,死亡年龄中位数为68岁。男性(OR=3.50,95%CI:3.29~3.73)、生活在城市(95%CI:1.12~1.26)和2010-2014年时间段(OR=1.23,95%CI:1.17~1.30)、年龄越大(OR=1.53,95%CI:1.52~1.55)可能是肺癌死亡的危险因素。结论厦门市居民肺癌死亡率呈上升趋势,应以城市、男性、老年人群作为重点关注对象,重视肺癌防治工作。Objective To explore the trend of mortality due to lung cancer in residents in Xiamen, to provide the basis data on preventing lung cancer in Xiamen. Methods The data of residents in Xiamen dying of lung cancer from 2005 to 2014 was collected. The multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the impact factors associating with the death due to lung cancer. Results From 2005 to 2014, the average mortality rate of lung cancer in residents in Xiamen was 28.58 per 100,000 persons., of which in male was2.90 times as many as that in female. The APC was 4.86%. The mortality rate rose as the age grew and the median age was 68 years old. Male(OR=3.50,95% CI:3.29~3.73),living in the city(95% CI:1.12~1.26) and time 2010-2014(OR =1.23,95% CI:1.17~1.30),age(OR =1.53,95% CI :1.52~1.55) may be the dead risk factors for lung cancer. Conclusion The mortality of lung cancer in Xiamen had a increasing trend. We should pay more attention on preventing and curing of lung cancer especially on the urban, male and elderly population.