Development of Social Security with Chinese Characteristics： Major Achievements and Future Direction
- 公共事务－已发表论文 
经过改革开放以来30多年的建设与完善，中国社会保障事业借助自上而下的政策供给，实现了从制度全覆盖到人员全覆盖的历史性跨越，完成了基本普惠这一战略目标。不仅如此，中国社会保障还实现了支出水平与经济发展同步这一目标，政府逐步加大社会保障财政支出，人民健康水平特别是预期寿命稳步提高，人民群众对社会保障制度的满意程度较高，充分显示出政府着力改善民生、努力实现发展成果与人民共享的施政理念及施政行动。另外，社会保障改革坚守底线公平与基础普惠，致力于精准扶贫，体现出“保障基本生活需要”的内在本性，使之向着更加公平、可持续的方向迈进，从而走出一条具有中国特色的社会保障道路。For more than 30 years of development since tile reform and opening-up, China＇s social security cause has historically leaped forward from full institutional coverage to full coverage of the people due to top-to-bottom policy supply and achieved the strategic goal of universal benefits. Not only that, China has also attained the target of aligning the social security expenditure level with economic development, the government gradually increase expenditure on social security, people＇s health especially the life expectancy improves steadily, and the public are satisfied with the social security system, which is a great tribute to the success of the government＇s governance ideas and actions for improving people＇s livelihood and letting the people share in the results of development. In addition, the social security reform adheres to bottom-line fairness and basic universal benefits, and is dedicated to targeted poverty alleviation, which reflects its inherent nature of ＂guaranteeing people＇s basic needs＂, and keeps itself moving towards a more equitable and sustainable direction, so as to take a social security road with Chinese characteristics.