Factors Influencing Chinese Urban Elderly's Health
- 公共事务－已发表论文 
本研究利用CGSS2010数据,考察了社会经济地位、生活方式和社会资本对中国城市老年人健康的影响。研究结果表明,城市老年人的社会经济地位、媒介使用、社会交往情况以及人际信任对其自评健康均施加着显著的影响。其中,社会经济地位变量中的家庭经济状况对城市老年人的自评健康具有深刻而持久的影响,生活方式变量中的传统媒介使用和社会交往与城市老年人的自评健康密切相关,社会资本变量中的特殊信任也是影响城市老年人自评健康的重要因素。在影响城市老年人健康的诸因素中,社会交往的影响超过其他任何一个变量的影响,乃是促进城市老年人自评健康的最为重要的因素。Based on the CGSS2010 data,this study analyzed the socio-economic status,lifestyle and social capital which influenced the urban elders' health. The results showed that the urban elderly's socio-economic status,their use of media,social interaction situations and interpersonal trust all had significant impact on their self-reported health. Among the social and economic status variables,family economic status had a profound and lasting impact on the self-reported health of the urban elderly. Among the lifestyle variables,the use of traditional media and social interaction were closely related to the self-reported health of the urban elderly. Among social capital variables,the special trust was also the important factors that affected the urban elderly's self-reported health. In the factors influencing the health of the urban elderly,the impact of social interaction was more dramatic than any other variable,being the most important factor to promote self-reported health of the urban elderly.