On the Subject of Submitting Constitutional Interpretation Request in China
- 法学院－已发表论文 
我国的宪法解释属于抽象解释的范畴,这一特征决定了国家机关提请全国人大常委会释宪具有重要的程序价值。全国人大常委会的宪法解释权并不通过具体的诉讼案件启动,除全国人大常委会在审查法规和条例的过程中主动解释宪法外。国家机关在适用和执行宪法、法律、法规、规章和规范性文件的过程中,如果对所适用的法律法规产生合宪性质疑,或者对宪法条文的内容产生疑义,可以提请全国人大常委会解释宪法,此即宪法解释的请求原则。一般来讲,国家机关和公民都是宪法解释的提请主体,根据《中华人民共和国立法法》(以下简称《立法法》)的规定,探讨国家机关请求解释的主体范围与特点。The constitutional interpretation of China is abstract interpretation. Therefore,the submission of constitutional interpretation request by the state organs to the standing Committee of the NPC possesses the important procedural value. The power of the standing Committee of the NPC to interpret constitution is not initiated through specific lawsuits,with the exception that standing Committee of the NPC actively interpreting constitution during reviewing rules and regulations. If the state organs question the constitutionality of the applicable laws and rules,or doubt the content of the constitution when state organs apply constitution,laws,rules,regulations and normative documents,they could submit constitutional interpretation request to the standing Committee of the NPC,which is the request principle of constitutional interpretation. In general,both state organisations and citizen are the subject of submitting constitutional interpretation request. This article will discuss the scope of the subject and the characters of the state organs requesting interpretation according to the Legislation Law of the PRC（ hereinafter referred to as the Legislation Law）.