The Chinese Context and the Institutional Logic of Constitutionality of Legal Interpretation: The Forms of the Application of the Constitution by Courts in China
- 法学院－已发表论文 
法律的合宪性解释是近年来我国法学界研究的热点问题。德国法上的合宪性解释是指由联邦德国宪法法院主导的法律解释原则与方法,是法院行使违宪审查权和宪法解释权的产物。但是,将法律合宪性解释引入我国时,必须适应当下中国的法律解释的体制与实践,并且与我国的宪法解释制度和宪法审查制度相衔接。全国人大常委会和最高人民法院都有法律合宪性解释的必要与可能,如果割裂全国人大常委会与最高人民法院在法律合宪性解释方面的分工与合作,法律合宪性解释就不可能在法院的司法实践中发挥实效。我国法院的法律合宪性解释是适用宪法的具体体现,包括援引宪法条文说理,基于宪法的原则和精神解释法律,提请全国人大常委会对法律合宪性进行阐释并在必要时解释宪法三种基本形式。全国人大常委会根据请求原则对法律的合宪性质疑或者疑问予以回应,阐释法律合宪性的理由和依据,并且解释宪法,从而实现国家权力机关与审判机关在法律合宪性解释上的程序联结,推动我国宪法的实施。The constitutionality of legal interpretation is a topic of general interest in law field,the constitutionality of legal interpretation in German law is the principle and method of legal interpretation guided by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany,it is also the consequence of the exercise of the power of constitutionality review and the power of constitutional interpretation by court. However,it is necessary to adapt to the Chinese system and practice of legal interpretation,and to link up the constitutionality of legal interpretation,the system of constitutional interpretation and also the system of constitutionality review. The Standing Committee of the National People＇s Congress together with the Supreme People＇s Court have the necessity and possibility to implement the constitutionality of legal interpretation. The constitutionality of legal interpretation would not have actual effect if we separate the National People＇s Congress and the Supreme People＇s Court. The constitutionality of legal interpretation by court is the concrete embodiment of the application of constitution,which includes three basic forms： reasoning invoking the constitution; interpretation of law based on constitutional principles and spirit; and submission of the law to the Standing Committee of the National People＇s Congress and interpretation of constitution when necessary. The Standing Committee of the National People＇s Congress can respond to the doubts of the constitutionality of law according to the principle of request,it can also explain the reasons and basis of the constitutionality of law and interpret the constitution. The procedural connection of the organ of state power and judicial organ is thus realized,the application of constitution is thus promoted.