The Configuration of Social Security Rights and Responsibilities： A Normative Analysis Perspective
社会保障权责配置有政府与市场和政府间之横纵两个层级。滞后的社会保障法制导致权责横纵配置的失衡-政府与市场之间配置的偏倚,政府之间配置的粗疏,这严重制约该制度功效的彰显。横向配置矫正的关键在于寻求政府责任的确定性与实现方式的多样性之间的平衡,并在发挥政府基础性作用时,倡导个人责任的回归、市场机制的引进及民间力量的渗透。纵向关系的细化要求以宪法层面原则性规定与法律层面具体性条款相结合的方式进一步规范各级政府的事权及其支出责任;从责任分担上做出更具操作性的制度安排,完善政府间社会保障支出责任分担法律机制。There are vertical and horizontal two-level for the configuration of social security rights and responsibilities-- one is between the government and the market and the other is inter-governmental. The lagging legalization of social security led to the unbalance of horizontal-vertical allocation-- the bias configuration between the government and the market and the careless configuration between governments seriously restricted the effectiveness of the system. The key to correct horizontal configuration is to seek the balance between the certainty of government responsibility and the diversity of implementation and while the government playing a fundamental role, it should advocate the return of individual responsibility, the introduction of market mechanism and the penetration of civil power. The refining of vertical relationship requires to further standardize affair rights and expenditure responsibility among governments at all levels through the method of combining the principle of constitutional level and the specific provisions of the legal level; the refining needs to make more operational system arrangement from the responsibility sharing, perfect the legal mechanism of inter-governmental burden sharing on social security expenditure.