Penetration of nonlinear Rossby eddies into South China Sea evidenced by cruise data
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
From the analyses of the cruise conductivity-temperature-depth profiler and acoustic Doppler current profiler data combined with simultaneous satellite altimeter data and Argo float profiling data, this paper provides evidence for the nonlinear Rossby eddies (NREs) penetrating through the Kuroshio and the Luzon Strait and entering the South China Sea (SCS). A high-salinity water prism in the subsurface layer west of the Luzon Strait was observed in January 2010. The salty prism centered at around 21 degrees N and 118 degrees E has a salinity higher than 34.8 and co-locates with an anticyclonic eddy with a diameter of about 150 km. The water properties of the salty prism are close to those of the Northwest Pacific (NWP) water. The time series of altimeter data and Argo float profiling data indicate that the anticyclonic eddy originates from an NRE that propagates westward from the NWP. The eddy penetrates the Luzon Strait at a speed of about 0.6 m s(-1) because of the effects of the narrow strait and the Kuroshio-eddy interaction and carries the high-salinity subsurface water from the NWP into the northern SCS.
CitationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,2012,117