Norms Construction of Law and Regulation Demand–Review Right of Standing Committee of Provincial People's Congress
- 法学院－已发表论文 
立法法第99条第1款过于宏观和概括,需要基于宪法文本并使用比较解释方法进行价值溯源和内涵填充,以便阐明其含义从而有效运用要求审查程序。我国省级人大常委会具有外国地方议会所不具备的独特宪法地位和宪法监督职责,因此其法规审查要求权可承载调整央地关系、维护法制统一、保护地方少数利益、解决地方间利益冲突和监督地方行政等全部功能,并且能够推动基本权利保障。它作为拘束力最强的提请形式能够直接导致审查程序的启动,作为容量最高的管道可以涵盖其他四类要求主体甚至建议审查程序。省级人大常委会可参照其在法律询问答复程序中的实际作用,设置行使审查要求权的具体方案。县级以上地方各级人大常委会在过去40年中对中国法治建设发挥了重要的促进作用,但局限于本地方范围内,省级人大常委会法规审查要求权则为其向国家层面拓展提供了契机。In order to activate the demand-- review procedure, the macroscopic and general provision in paragraph 1 article 99 of law on legislation should be interpreted based on the constitutional provision and with comparative method. Provincial Level People＇s Congress＇ Standing Committee enjoys special constitutional status and constitutional supervision function which foreign local congress doesn＇t have, therefore, its power to demand review not only undertakes all the functions such as regula- tion of central--local relation, preservation of legal uniformity, protection of local minority groups, resolution of interest con- flicts among local entities, and supervision of local administration, but also extends to the protection of fundamental rights. As the most forcible qualification, it could directly lead to the start of review procedure, and as a high--capacity canal, it could cover other four demand canals and even suggestion procedure. Each provincial level People＇s Congress＇ Standing Committee could establish various plans of exercising the power to demand review by evoking its role in the legal inquire--answer procedure. In the past nearly 40 years, the standing committee of local people＇s congress played an important role in the process of establishing rule of law in China, but limited in the local sphere, the power of provincial level People＇s Congress＇ Standing Committees to demand review provides an opportunity for it to extend to the national sphere.