The Predicament and Wayout of the Local Interpretative Judicial Documents
- 法学院－已发表论文 
地方司法解释性文件是最高法院、最高检察院以外的司法主体制定的具有司法解释特点、并以文件形式在一定范围内发布和产生＂效力＂的规定,有别于审判业务文件和地方司法规范性文件。由于正当性理论的缺失,地方司法解释性文件屡遭禁止。但是基于审判实践的依赖,地方司法解释性文件屡禁不止。虽然地方司法解释性文件不属于有法律效力的文件,但审判实践中却会对法官裁判思维产生重要影响。加大对与法律、法规及司法解释相抵触的地方司法解释性文件的清理力度,严令禁止地方司法机关制定新的司法解释性文件,规范不违反法律、法规的地方司法解释性文件的适用,并逐步建立示范性案例制度取代地方司法解释性文件,是妥善化解地方司法解释性文件所面临困境的理想选择。The local judicial interpretative documents are those documents formulated by judicial subjects outside the Supreme Court and the Supreme Procuratorate,which appear in file form,characteristic of interpretation and legal effect, and are distributed in a certain range different from trial business documents and local judicial normative documents. Due to the deficiency of legitimacy theory,local interpretative judicial documents are frequently banned. But owing to the dependence on judgment practice,local interpretative judicial documents cannot be stopped in spite of their being banned.Although local interpretative judicial documents are not categorized into legally efficient ones,they produce great impact on judges＇ thoughts when implementing their judgments. The ideal choices which can properly defuse the predicament existing in the local interpretative judicial documents are as follows：to put in order with greater efforts those local interpretative judicial documents against the law,the regulations and the judicial documents,to strictly forbid the local judicial offices to constitute new interpretative judicial documents,to regulate the adaptation of the local interpretative judicial documents which do not act against the law and regulations,and to set up exemplary case systems to replace those local interpretative judicial documents.