On the Functions of Family Concepts in Traditional China
在以往的学术讨论中,家族观念多为人们所诟病。然而实际上,在传统社会中,很多家族观念具有重要的秩序功能。这些秩序功能的发挥,都建基于传统国人对于家族的独特认识。在家族一体化的基本理念之下,光宗耀祖、家族脸面、家和万事兴等观念,不仅能很好地约束和激励人们的行为,还能使他们在利益关系中保持自我克制,从而缓解了人际互动中的紧张关系。此外,特定家族观念还有助于人们形成长远的行为预期,也能够提升他们的社会责任感,并遏制各种短期行为。The concepts in Chinese clan used to be criticized in academia. The article will show that these concepts have important functions of order. The idea of clan-as-an-integrity,the motivation of bringing honor to ancestors,the consideration of family fame and the belief of harmony bringing wealth,not only stimulate people's behavior effectively,but also restrain people while claiming their rights,which can ease tensions in social intercourses. Furthermore,certain concepts such as "what goes around comes around"may contribute to the establishment of a long behavior expectancy,which enhances their sense of responsibility and helps to avoid shortsightedness.