Precipitated Phase of Titanium Alloy with Adding Nd Elements
- 材料学院－已发表论文 
通过粉末冶金方法(冷等静压-真空烧结)制备钛合金Ti-6Al-4V-2Cr-1Nd, 经过固溶-时效热处理后, 利用光学显微镜(OM)、; X射线衍射仪(XRD)和透射电镜(TEM)分析合金的微观组织、 物相的组成及析出相的形核特点, 研究添加稀土元素Nd对析出相的影响。; 实验结果表明,在添加1%Nd(质量分数)元素后, 钛合金组织得到了明显细化;通过合金细化成核理论分析发现, 添加稀土元素Nd后,; 固溶时效中Nd_2O_3可以作为形核的基础, 促进形核, 所以稀土Nd元素可以有效促进非均匀形核, 主要析出相Nd_2O_3有利于晶粒的细化,; 是有效的形核剂;在高分辨透射电镜下对离子减薄后的试样进行观察,通过对合金的形貌和析出物进行傅里叶变换(FFT)和反傅里叶变换(IFFT)分析,; 得到清晰的原子排列图, 发现析出相Nd_2O_3与基体alpha-Ti之间存在平行相界面, 经分析为半共格界面。Titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V-2Cr-1Nd prepared by powder metallurgy method; (cold isostatic pressing and vacuum sintering) was researched. The; microstructure, phase composition and precipitated phase nucleation; process were analyzed by optical microscope (OM), X-ray diffraction; (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) after solution and; aging treatment. The effect of adding rare earth element Nd to the; titanium alloy on its precipitated phase was studied. The experimental; results showed that the microstructure refinement effect was obvious; after adding rare earth element 1%Nd (mass fraction); based on the; analysis of alloy refining nucleation theory, it was found that after; adding Nd, Nd_2O_3 could serve as the basis of nucleation because of its; high energy, promoting nucleation, there fore Nd could promote the; heterogeneous nucleation effectively, the main precipitation phase; Nd_2O_3 was beneficial to refining crystalline grains and it was; effective nucleating agents. Through high resolution observation of ion; thinning sample, and the morphology of the alloy precipitates were; analyzed by fast Fourier transform (FFT) and inverse fast Fourier; transformation (IFFT). It was found that there was parallel interface; between precipitated phase Nd_2O_3 and matrix alpha-Ti, and it was; semi-coherent interface shown by analysis.