Explanation of Human Action:Based on the Conception of Reason,Cause and Law
- 2018年 
【中文摘要】人类行为是或能够是以某种方式受我们意识所控制的行为。行为的理由是用于解释、辩护行为合理的依据,它使行为合理化,表明行为是适当的、正当的、正确的。针对理由是否行为的原因这ー问题，赖尔、戴维森等哲学家持有不同看法。当理由引起行为发生，即当理由与行为之间存在ー种因果机制时，理由就是行为的原因。理由解释可视为ー种特殊的因果解释。如果亨普尔主张的“因果解释是ー类特殊的演绎律则解释”的观点是正确的,那么人类行为的理由解释原则上也可纳入律则解释模型,依赖于至少是隐含的普遍规律。当我们基于社会规律解释人类行为时,有必要对规律这ー概念作非严格意义的理解。 【Abstract】Action are behaviors which are or can be somehow controlled consciously by us. Reasons for actions are the ground that explains and justifies actions. They rationalize actions and show them to be rational，appropriate and correct. There are different views on the question of whether reason is a cause of our action in philosophy when we act for a reason. We argue that the reason for an action is its cause when reasons cause actions (there are mechanisms between reasons and actins) . If reason - explanations is a special type of causal explanations，then causal explanation are essentially nomological，and reason - explanations necessarily rest on general laws，at least implicitly. When we explain human actions the basis of social laws，we need understand them in the broad sense of the term.