A New View on the Nature of the Book of Changes:A Unique and Open System of Representation and Interpretation
- 2018年 
【中文摘要】《周易》是中国儒家的群经之首,其性质究竟是什么？永恒的魅力来自何方？通过对《周易》的文本结构和表征原理进行跨文化和跨学科的綜合考察,可以对其性质提出一个全新的观点:《周易》是ー个再现系统,而且是ー个开放性的意指和诠释系统,其神秘性来自构成ー个宏大的再现和阐释体系的独特结构和操作机制。用符号学的方法分析八卦的意指系統和卦爻辞的表征系統,可以发现，《周易》的独特之处在于其拥有两个自成体系而又紧密相连的子系統，ー个是以卦象为中心的纯符号象征系统，另ー个是以卦辞为中心的语言符号系统，这两个系统根据截然不同的意指表征原理而操作,但又为同一个目的结合成一个复杂的再现诠释体系。其初始目的已不可考,但后来衍生的各种功能均来自其独特的内部结构和开放的再现机制。《周易》的永恒魅力来自其开放性的意指表征体系以及纯符号与语言符号相互作用的阐释机制。 【Abstract】 The Book o Changes is China's first classic. What is its true nature? And where does its lasting appeal come from? By investigating its textual structure and rationale of representation from a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary perspective，we can propose a new view on its nature: The Book Changes is a system of representation，and an open system of signification and interpretation. Its mystery comes from a grand system with a unique structure and operational mechanism. Adopting a semiotic approach，this study finds that its uniqueness lies in its possession of two self-contained and mutually complementary sub-systems: one is a symbolic system of pure signs centering the hexagram images while the other a linguistic system centering on hexagram statements. Although the two sub-systems operate in term of entirely different rationales of signification and representation，they are integrated into a complex hermeneutic system. Its original purpose is impossible to verify，but it later developed into a comprehensive function predicated on its unique intrinsic structure and open mechanism of representation as well as its unlimited hermeneutic space. Conducting a few case studies of how the system produces different and even conflicting exegeses out of the same hexagram and examining some representative views of its nature，we may draw this conclusion: its lasting appeal comes from its open system of signification and representation and the hermeneutic mechanism based on the interaction between pure signs and linguistic signs.