Land Distribution Movement and Problems of Localism in the Central Soviet Areas
- 2018年 
【中文摘要】20世纪20—30年代中央苏区“打土豪、分田地”的土地革命运动，对苏区社会原有的权カ结构和地权秩序产生了巨大冲击。由于受到传统乡族关系和矛盾因素的深刻制约，在分田的过程中出现了乱打土豪、乱划阶级和假分田、乱分田等各种地方主义问题。地方主义问题的存在，集中体现了传统乡族亲邻关系、村落领地观念和地权私有观念对现代阶级革命的严重影响，表明当时中共分田政策的政治意图和社会目标并未得到彻底实现,反映了中央苏区土地革命的社会复杂性。 【Abstract】Agarian revolution of “overthrow the local tyrants and distribute land ” in the Central Soviet Areas during the 1920—30s had a huge impact on original power structure and land ownership of soviet rural society. However，because the revolution was deeply constrained by the traditional relationships of country clan and contradictory factors，various problems of localism arose in the process of land distribution movements，which included unruly beating local tytants，incorrectly identifying classes，and falsely allocating lands. The existence of these problems meant that relationship of the kindred and neighborhoods，sense of village territory， and private ownership of land rights in the traditional clan community had effects on modern class revolution so seriously that political purposes and social goals of the CPC's land policy hadn't completely realized. All those reflected the social complexity of agrarian revolution in the Central Soviet Areas.