Influence of Political Competition on Ethnic Identity during the Later Period of Tang China
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】“安史之乱”爆发后，朝廷与地方势力展开了一系列政治博弈，对唐帝国的族群认同产生了颠覆性的影响。肃宗以降，朝廷围绕文化而设计的博弈战略冲击了唐前期“夷夏一家”的族群认同理念，进一步造成“夷夏之防”意识的强化，并促使族群认同产生质变。“会昌灭佛”实际上是政治博弈的产物，它标志着唐代夷夏一家族群理念的结束。唐后期政治博弈对帝国族群认同的影响既深且远，由此产生的夷夏之防意识也不时困扰中国士人，直到近百年来才逐渐缓解。 【Abstract】Following the eruption of An-Shi Rebellion，a series of political competition unfolded between the imperial court and local authorities. This study examines the influence of this political competition on the ethnic identity from the perspective of political culture during the latter period of Tang China. Since the Su-zong period，the imperial government's competition strategies with regard to cultural policies had not only weakened the concept of Yi-Xia Commonwealth of the early Tang period but also deepened the lack of trust between Yi and Xia ethnic groups). This transformation process has caused substantial change in ethnic identity. In fact，the annihilation of Buddhism during the Hui-chang period was also a result of political competition. This incident marked the end of cultural tolerance in the Tang dynasty. This change in political culture had far-reaching implications for the concept of ethnic identity in ancient China，and the lack of trust between Yi and Xia had troubled the Chinese intellectuals for many generations until it has been alleviated gradually in the past century.