Origin of Zhuism in the Formation and Development of Yangmingism
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】陆九渊与王阳明作为宋明理学中心学一系的主要代表人物,后世学者往往以陆、王二人并称,将他们的思想学说合称为陆王心学。但二者之间更多只是思想宗旨相近,并无直接的承袭关系。相较之下,阳明学的产生、发展与朱子学有着更深的思想渊源。阳明学其是在朱子学的笼罩下,继承了朱熹所建构的经典体系、理论框架与主要论题,并融会了佛道的智慧,进而通过自得自悟的方式,对朱子学加以深刻的反思、批判而逐步形成的,因而可视为朱子学在明代的另一种延续和发展。而王阳明所作的《朱子晚年定论》即来源于此前朱子学内部和会朱陆的逻辑思路,恰好为我们提供了一个观察阳明学与朱子学之间的思想渊源的具体例证。 【Abstract】Lu Jiuyuan and Wang Yangming were the quintessential figures of the philosophy of the mind of Neo- Confucianism. Later scholars often put their names together and combine their thought theories into the “Learning of Lu and Wang”. Their ideological purposes were close, but there was no direct inheritance relationship between them. Nevertheless, there was a deeper thought inheritance relationship between the emergence and development of Yangmingism and Zhuism. The emergence and development of Yangmingism were deeply rooted in the thoughts of Zhuism. Under the influence of Zhuism, Wang Yangming inherited the classic system and theoretical framework created by Zhu Xi and his main viewpoints, incorporated the wisdom of Buddhism and Taoism, and gained insights through contemplation and criticism, eventually forming Yangmingism. As such, Yangmingism can be considered to be an extension and growth of Zhuism during the Ming Dynasty. Wang Yangming's A Summary of Zhu Xi's Later Years in Life originated from Zhuism's internal logical thinking of reconciling Zhu and Lu, providing us with a specific example for the observation of the thought inheritance relationship between Yangmingism and Zhuism.