A Study of the Formation Background and Nature of Private Primary Schools in the Yuan Dynasty
- 2017年 
【中文摘要】元代小学书塾是成宗时建康路总管提出设立的一种小学教学形式,是在地方官学及书院已设小学之外,另于城八隅及地方各乡每都设立的小学教学。小学书塾由建康路总管廉希哲提出设立,并在建康路推行,廉希哲的个人素养以及建康路所处的特殊位置决定了建康路成为小学书塾的首倡和实践地。小学书塾与当时进行小学教学的另两种教学形式———小学、社学皆有所不同。小学书塾的出现反映了当时儒学的发展以及社会对小学教育的需求。 【Abstract】Private primary schools were a form of primary education introduced during the reign of Emperor Chengzong of the Yuan Dynasty as an addition to local official schools and academies. They were usually located in town corners and villages. Lian Xizhe, governor of Jiankang Prefecture, is credited with the formation and promotion of private primary schools locally. His personal character and the special geographic location of his prefecture meant that the prefect was the best place for the introduction and trial of private primary schools. Such private primary schools differed from two other forms of primary education – non-private primary schools and community schools. Their emergence reflected the growth of Confucianism and the demand of society for primary education during that particular era.