A monodisperse spray dryer for milk powder: Modelling the formation of insoluble material
Lin, Sean Xu Qi
Chen, Xiao Dong
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The use of monodisperse droplets in drying research allows far greater control of the droplet size and temperature history than can be achieved in conventional lab-scale dryers. Since every powder particle experiences identical, predictable conditions, the monodisperse dryer allows verification of droplet drying models and investigation of phenomena such as particle morphology, solubility, wettability and their governing factors. Insolubility in milk powder is largely caused by damage to proteins in hot drying conditions. In the present work, monodisperse skim milk and milk protein powders were dried in different heat conditions and the powder tested for insolubility index. The falling droplet drying was modelled using the Reaction Engineering Approach (REA), which is a semi-empirical model of moisture removal rate. This model was accurate in predicting final powder moisture contents. Previously published correlations for insoluble material were added to the model. The experimental insolubility was consistent with observations from a pilot-scale dryer study, but did not agree with proposed reaction kinetics extrapolated from low temperature powder experiments. Powders clearly displayed poor wettability and solubility at inlet air temperatures above 140 degrees C. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationCHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE,71:75-84