Study on Shoulder and Knee Joints Injuries of Our Elite Swimmers
- 体育教学－已发表论文 
对 1999年全国游泳冠军赛和锦标赛的 18个代表队 12 0名优秀运动员的肩、膝关节损伤进行了调查研究。结果显示 ,我国优秀游泳运动员肩、膝关节损伤占运动损伤的 6 1.5 % ,且多为训练年限 6～ 9年的健将级以上的运动员 ;患急性肩关节损伤多是主项为自由泳、蝶泳或仰泳的运动员 ;患急性膝关节损伤则以主项为蛙泳的运动员较为常见。针对我国秀游泳运动员肩、膝关节损伤的原因 ,提出预防和治疗肩、膝关节损伤的建议。This paper author makes an overall investigation on shoulder and knee joints injuries of 120 elite swimmers belonging to the teams of 18 provinces and cities in China swimming championship in 1999. The result shows that the injury rate of shoulder and knee joint of our elite swimmers amounts to 61.5%, moreover they are training for 6~9years. The acute shoulder joints injuries often occur on swimmers majoring in freestyle, butterfly and backstroke, while the acute knee joints injuries often occur on swimmers majoring in the breaststroke. In accordance with the causes of injuries frequently occurring to the shoulder and knee joints, some measurements are put forwarded in preventing and treating shoulder and knee injuries.