Influence of multiple irreversible losses on the performance of a molten carbonate fuel cell-gas turbine hybrid system
- 物理技术－已发表论文 
In this study, a new molten carbonate fuel cell-gas turbine hybrid system, which consists of a fuel cell, three heat exchangers, a compressor, and a turbine, is established. The multiple irreversible losses existing in real hybrid systems are taken into account by the models of a molten carbonate fuel cell and an open Brayton cycle with a regenerative process. Expressions for the power outputs and efficiencies of the subsystems and hybrid system are derived. The maximum power output and efficiency of the hybrid system are numerically calculated. It is found that compared with a single molten carbonate fuel cell, both the power output and efficiency of the hybrid system are greatly enhanced. The general performance characteristics of the hybrid system are evaluated and the optimal criteria of the main performance parameters are determined. The effects of key irreversibilities on the performance of the hybrid system are investigated in detail. It is found that the use of a regenerator in the gas turbine can availably improve the power output and efficiency of the system. The results obtained here are significant and may be directly used to discuss the optimal performance of the hybrid system in special cases. Copyright (C) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY，2012,37（10）：9664-8671