Ion transport through dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) induced transient water pores in cell membranes
- 医学院－已发表论文 
It is well known that dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) increases membrane permeability, which makes it widely used as a vehicle to facilitate drug delivery across biological membranes. However, the mechanism of how DMSO increases membrane permeability has not been well understood. Recently, molecular dynamics simulations have demonstrated that DMSO can induce water pores in biological membranes, but no direct experimental evidence is so far available to prove the simulation result. Using FluxOR Tl+ influx assay and intracellular Ca2+ imaging technique, we studied the effect of DMSO on Tl+ and Ca2+ permeation across cell membranes. Upon application of DMSO on CHO-K1 cell line, Tl+ influx was transiently increased in a dose-dependent manner. The increase in Tl+ permeability induced by DMSO was not changed in the presence of blockers for K+ channel and Na+-K+ ATPase, suggesting that Tl+ permeates through transient water pores induced by DMSO to enter into the cell. In addition, Ca2+ permeability was significantly increased upon application of DMSO, indicating that the transient water pores induced by DMSO were non-selective pores. Furthermore, similar results could be obtained from RAW264.7 macrophage cell line. Therefore, this study provided experimental evidence to support the prediction that DMSO can induce transient water pores in cell membranes, which in turn facilitates the transport of active substances across membranes.
CitationMOLECULAR MEMBRANE BIOLOGY，2012,29：107-113