Reverse flow injection analysis method for catalytic spectrophotometric determination of iron in estuarine and coastal waters: A comparison with normal flow injection analysis
- 海洋环境－已发表论文 
A method for determining iron in seawater had been developed by coupling reverse flow injection analysis (rFIA) and catalytic spectrophotometric detection with N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride (DPD). With a seawater sample or a standard solution as the carrier, the mixture of DPD and buffer was injected into the carrier stream quantitatively and discretely. After mixing with H2O2, the DPD was oxidized to form two pink semiquinone derivatives that were monitored at 514 nm wavelength with a reference at 700 nm. The method detection limit was 0.40 nmol L-1, lower than half of that of normal flow injection analysis (nFIA) method. The sample throughput was 10 h(-1) with triplicate determination, compared with 4 h(-1) for nFIA-DPD method. The analysis results of the certified seawaters CASS-4 (12.33 +/- 0.18 nmol L-1) and NASS-5 (3.47 +/- 0.23 nmol L-1) well agreed with the certified values (12.77 +/- 1.04 and 3.71 +/- 0.63 nmol L-1, respectively). The typical precision of the method for a 2.97 nmol L-1 iron sample was 4.49% (n = 8). Interferences from copper and salinity were investigated. An instrument was assembled based on the proposed method and applied successfully to analyze total dissolvable iron (TDFe) in surface seawater samples collected from the Pearl River Estuary, the results of which revealed non-conservative behavior of TDFe during the estuarine mixing. Results for these samples with both rFIA-DPD and nFIA-DPD methods showed good agreement with each other. The proposed method was superior to the currently used nFIA-DPD method, particularly when it is adapted for field and in situ deployment, due to its lower reagent consumption, higher sample throughput and keeping the manifold tubing clean. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.