Ligand-Mediated Electrocatalytic Activity of Pt Nanoparticles for Oxygen Reduction Reactions
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
High-performance electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reactions (ORB.) are crucial for the development of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). In this study, a novel method was developed by which the ORR activity of Pt nanoparticles was deliberately manipulated by selective organic capping ligands. By coreduction of diazonium salts and H2PtCl4, a series of Pt nanoparticles (core size 2.0-2.5 nm) stabilized by para-substituted (R = -CH3, -F, -Cl, -OCF3, and -CF3) phenyl groups were synthesized. The experimental results demonstrated that the electron-withdrawing capability of the substituent moieties, as manifested by the Hammet substituent constant (sigma), plays a key role in controlling the ORR activity, where the higher sigma, the higher ORB. activity. Within the present experimental context, Pt nanoparticles stabilized by trifluoromethylphenyl groups (Pt-Ar-CF3) exhibit the highest catalytic activity among the series, with an ORR specific activity 3.2 times higher than that of commercial Pt/C catalysts. The enhanced activity may be correlated with the weakened oxygen adsorption by the electronegative ligands.
CitationJOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C,2012,116（19）：10592-10598