Screening, Identifying of Cellulose-Decomposing Strain L-06 and Its Enzyme-Producing Conditions
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
从用于堆肥的水稻秸秆中初筛出一株高效纤维素降解菌L-06,根据18SrRNA基因序列和菌株形态分析,初步鉴定该菌为斜卧青霉(Penicillium decumbens)。研究了液体发酵培养基中氮源、碳源、表面活性剂、培养温度、起始pH以及接种量对该菌株各纤维素酶活力的影响。在最适条件下,该菌的β-葡萄糖苷酶(BGL)、外切纤维素酶(CBH)于培养第3天酶活力分别达到1662u/mL和2770u/mL;内切纤维素酶(EG)、滤纸糖化力(FPase)于培养第4天酶活力分别达到18064u/mL和4035u/mL。在产酶优化实验中,该菌的EG和CBH在pH10的培养条件下分别保持了70%和43%的酶活性;在50oC培养条件下EG和CBH分别保持了68%和59%的酶活性。表现出了耐热,耐碱的特性。Cellulases are relatively costly enzymes that are sold in large volumes for use in different industrial applications, and a significant reduction in cost will be important for their commercial use in biorefineries. The production of cellulase is a major factor in the hydrolysis of cellulosic materials. Hence it is essential to make the process economically viable. A strain (L-06) with high cellulase activity was screened from rice straw compost and classified as Penicillium decumbens by the analysis of its morphology and 18S rRNA gene sequences. Different conditions of liquid fermentation medium including nitrogen source, carbon source, surfactant, temperature, initial pH, inoculation quantity for the production of cellulase had been studied. The maximal β-1, 4-glucosidase(BGL) activity was 1662 u/mL which is 1.49 times of the previous and the maximal exo-β-1, 4-glucanases(CBH) activity was 2770 u/mL which is 1.36 times of the previous, cultured in the optimal condition for three days. And the maximal endo-β-1, 4-glucanases (EG) activity was 18064 u/mL which is 1.87 times of the previous and the maximal filter paper enzyme(FPase) activity was 4035 u/mL which is 1.47 times of the previous , cultured in the optimal condition for four days. In the optimization experiments, the EG and CBH in the culture condition (pH10) maintained 70% and 43% activity. In the culture condition(50oC) EG and CBH maintained 59% and 68% activity, which showed heat and alkali resistant characteristics.