EFFECTS OF TACHYPLESIN AND N-SODIUM BUTYRATE ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND ULTRASTRUCTURE CHANGES OF HUMAN GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA CELLS LINE BGC-823
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
目的以正丁酸钠为平行对照,比较观察鲎素和癌细胞诱导分化物对人胃癌细胞形态与超微结构变化的影响。方法采用光镜、扫描电镜与透射电镜,观察经2.0 mg/L鲎素、2.0 mmol/L正丁酸钠和1.0 mg/L鲎素+1.0 mmol/L正丁酸钠组合处理的人胃腺癌BGC-823细胞。结果光镜观察显示,鲎素和正丁酸钠以及鲎素+正丁酸钠处理的BGC-823细胞形态均较为一致,细胞体积增大、趋于扁平铺展状态,细胞核质比例减小,细胞核形状较圆整,核仁数量减少。扫描与透射电镜观察可见经鲎素、正丁酸钠及其组合处理的BGC-823细胞均出现细胞表面微绒毛稀少,细胞边缘丝状伪足减少,片状伪足增多;细胞核形态较规则,核内异染色质减少,常染色质增多:细胞质内线粒体增多,结构较为一致,高尔基复合体呈较为典型发达状态,并出现粗面内质网增多和多聚核糖体减少等变化。结论鲎素具有与正丁酸钠等诱导分化物相似的改变人胃癌细胞形态与超微结构恶性表型特征的作用,和与诱导分化物协同加成的诱导分化效果。Objective To compare the morphology and ultrastructure changes of human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line treated by tachyplesin and n-sodium butyrate. Methods Light microscope,scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope were used to observe human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line BGC-823 treated by 2.0?mg/L tachyplesin,2.0?mmol/L n-sodium butyrate and 1.0?mg/L tachyplesin in combination with 1.0?mmol/L n-sodium butyrate respectively. Results Light microscope observation showed that BGC-823 cells treated by tachyplesin,n-sodium butyrate and tachyplesin+n-sodium butyrate possessed the similar cell modality as follow: the volume of cell increased,the shape of cell became flat and outspread,nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio decreased,the shape of nucleus was rounde,the number of nucleolus decreased.Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope observation showed that,in the BGC-823 cells which were treated with tachyplesin,n-sodium butyrate and tachyplesin in combination with n-sodium butyrate respectively,microvilli and filopodia reduced,sheed pseudopodia increased,the shape of nucleus became regular,heterochromatin decreased while euchromatin increased,the number of mitochondria increased and its structure appeared consistent,Golgi complex turned to be typical,the amount of rough endoplasmic reticulum increased and that of polyribosome decreased.Conclusion All of these results showed that tachyplesin possessed the similar effects to n-sodium butyrate on changing morphology and ultrastructure of human gastric adenocarcinoma cells and possessed an additive role of inducing tumor cells to differentiate cooperatively with n-sodium butyrate to induce carcinoma cell differentiation.