Eugenio Barba and His Theatre Anthropology
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
尤金尼奥·巴尔巴的戏剧人类学,既是一种戏剧理想,又是一种戏剧理论,还是实现这种戏剧理论的一整套戏剧表演实践。通过奥丁剧院和戏剧人类学国际学校的戏剧探索,通过他的理论著述,巴尔巴建构了他的戏剧思想体系:在戏剧理想意义上提出第三戏剧或欧亚戏剧;在社会文化学层面,创造了“表演交易”;在表演美学层面,发现了“前表现性”及其普遍原理。这两个重要的概念,从文化到跨文化追求一种普世戏剧理想,称为第三戏剧理想。Eugenio Barba's concept of “theatre anthropology” is a form of ideal theatre consisting not only of a theory of theatre but also a whole set of performance practices. Barba builds his system of theatre ideas on both the experience of the Odin Teatret and on the research conducted by the International School of Theatre Anthropology (ISTA). In his theoretical writings, he proposes Eurasiantheatre as an ideal. He formulates the concept of “preexpressivity” and its recurring principles of esthetics for performance, and the concept of “barter” which operates in the sociological dimension of theatre. Barter and preexpressivity are two vital concepts, which Barba uses to pursue a kind of universal theatre named Third Theatre—a type of theatre that attempts to move from culture to transculture.