On Nomological Explanation in Human and Social Science
定律解释是一切可以被称作是科学的知识体系的基础,是基本的科学解释。它不论在自然科学还是人文、社会科学中都是普遍适用的。针对人文、社会科学中缺乏普遍性定律的反对,可以普遍的“似定律陈述”取代定律解释要求的定律。现实的定律解释不是逻辑实证主义强调的经验定律对被解释项的覆盖或逻辑论证,而是理解与解释关系中的定律解释。后者在逻辑模式上强调解释项对于价值项的包含,它是“人的历史性的生存实践———前理解———理解、解释”的简洁表达。Nomological explanation is the foundation of knowledge system that can be regarded as science. It is the basic scientific explanation which can be applied to not only in natural science but also in human and social science. For the opposite to lack universal laws in human and social science, laws that nomological explanation demands can be replaced by universal lawlike statement. Actual nomological explanation is not the demonstrating or inference to explanans from general laws that logical postivism upholds, but is one in the relation between understanding and explanation. The latter stresses on that explanans should induct value factor, it is the succinct expression of "human historic existence──preunderstanding──understanding and explanation".