The Problem of Justification and Its Possible Solution
解决回溯问题是确证理论的核心。基础主义、一致主义和语境主义这三种当今流行的确证理论在这个问题上各有自己的优势,也有自身难以克服的缺陷。是否存在着这样的可能性,能够将三种理论的优势集中起来呢? 通过对知识进行分类,探讨相应的确证标准,以及提出应该接受为证据的几项主张,或许这样的尝试便可成为走出确证困境的一种新思路。The regress argument is the most important problem of justification theories. Foundationalism, coherentism, and contextualism are the three dominant theories of justification. Though each of them has its own advantage, they all have obstacles which cannot be conquered by themselves. Is it possible to take advantages of those three into a new theory? Maybe it will be a new approach to solve the problem of justification, by classifying knowledge, choosing the more suitable criterions, and claiming what sort of evidence can be accepted.