The Banning and Destroying of the Novel Xixiangji
《西厢记》作为“诲淫”的代表,历史上长期不断地遭到攻击和禁毁,特别是在清代。作为一种文化钳制的手段,《西厢记》的禁毁主要是以政令和舆论的方式对戏曲演出和流传进行干预。这种现象不仅体现了鲜明的国家意志,而且表现了部分士大夫的礼教立场。它直接影响了《西厢记》的批评方向,成为一种特殊的文学批评方式,同时对《西厢记》的流传产生了影响。As a pornographic novel, Xixiangji, a novel written in ancient China, was attacked, banned and destroyed in the ancient times in China, especially in the Qing Dynasty. Preventing the book from being published and destroying the book was carried out by the government and supported by the public opinion. The purpose of doing so was to stop adapting the book into a play and meanwhile stop people from reading it. All this shows the attitude of the ruling class towards this book and the opinion of the officials and scholars of that times. Thus the normal criticism of this novel was affected. This had great influence on the spreading of the book.