The Issue of “Knowledge Justification” in Contemporary Epistemology
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
“确证”作为知识的一个重要构成因素 ,在 2 0世纪兴盛的知识论研究中成为核心的问题。本文从确证概念的界定、确证的性质、以及确证的标准、条件与结构等方面 ,考察了当代知识论的确证理论。笔者认为 ,确证从根本上说在于为知识命题 (信念 )的成立提供证据 (理由 ) ,这是确证论的实质性问题。至于确证的规范性 ,诸如认识的义务、可允许性 ,则是由其根据性派生出来的问题Justification, as an important constituent of knowledge, has remained a central issue of the flourishing epistemological studies in the 20 th century. This paper examines contemporary justification theory from such aspects as its definition, nature, standards, conditions and structure. The writer holds that the fundamental characteristic of justification is to provide evidence or reason for epistemic proposition or belief. This is the essence of the theory of justification. The normativeness of justification, such as obligation and permissibility, is an issue derived from justification.