Leaving the "Family" and Leaving the "Country":On Ba Jin's Creative Motives in His Early Years
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
家族小说和革命小说是巴金前期小说创作中两大主要部分。前者著称于世而历久弥鲜,后者虽一时抢眼却渐渐淹没于时间的流逝。这两类小说创作动机与巴金从"家"出走和从"国"出走有关,都源于当时"国"与"家"二位一体的专制与黑暗。这是身处传统向现代社会变迁中知识分子都拥有的经历与体验,但同样的控诉和愤怒却结出不同命运的艺术花朵,显示出文学现象的特殊规律。Ba Jin's novels can be divided into stories on the family and stories on the revolution. The former has always been very popular for a long time and is still well known to this day, but the latter had sunk into oblivion. In fact they are not contradictory. Their creative motives are related with writer's departures from the family and from the country. These two departures originated from the anger at the autocracy and darkness of the country and the family of that time. It is the common experience of most intellectuals in a society under the transformation from the traditional to the modern, but the same accusation and anger have brought about different results. This shows the difference between literature and other forms of arts.