On the Characteristics of Constitutional Reform in the End of Qing Dynasty
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
以实施宪政为中心的政治改革是清末东北政治现代化的重要特征。具体表现在 :一是通过官制改革调整了地方行政机构 ,加强了地方公署对边疆的控制 ,为东北实施宪政铺平了道路。二是把司法独立作为实施宪政的关键 ,完善了近代地方司法体系。三是以地方自治为实施宪政的基础 ,促进了东北近代民主运动的发展。四是以谘议局为实施宪政的后盾 ,扩大了谘议局参政的深度和广度 ,并充分利用谘议局与商会的特殊关系 ,使公署、谘议局、商会形成一个有机体 ,从而东北的宪政改革得以顺利进行。The political reform which took the constitutional reform as core was an important feature of political modernization of northeastern China. It is displayed in the following four aspects. First, the official reform adjusted the local administration organizations and the local government strengthened its control over borderland; it also paved the way for the northeastern China to carry out constitutional reform . Second, the judicial separation was considered as the crux to carry constitutional reform and therefore got the local modern judicial system improved. Third, the local autonomy was considered as the base to implement the constitutional reform and stimulated the development of democratic movement of northeastern China. Fourth, the Consult Bureau was considered as backing, and took part in politics more widely and deeper. The local government, Consult Bureau and Chamber of Commerce were formed into a organic whole, which made the constitutional reform implemented smoothly.