The Suburbanization of Afro-Americans and Residential Segregation since the 1970s
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
美国黑人向郊区迁移,是20世纪70年代以来一个引人注目的新趋势。它在多大程度上有助于种族矛盾的缓解,是美国学术界所关注的、也最有争议的研究课题之一。黑人郊区化在美国已成为一个规律性现象,但与其他少数民族动向相比,还有一定差距。迁往郊区后,除部分中上层黑人外,大部分黑人仍聚居在一起,形成新的以居住区隔离为主要特征的"隔都"。这一状况既是解决黑人问题的机遇,又是对美国郊区,乃至整个社会构成的新挑战。The suburbanization of Afro-Americans since the 1970s, as a new trend of significance, is a controversial issue in the American academic community. Scholars have debated how far this phenomenon can help to ease the race relationship in the US. As a matter of fact, the suburbanization of Afro-Americans since the 1970s has developed quickly. However, it is relatively slower compared with other ethnic groups, and moreover, except some middle class Afro-Americans, most of Afro-Americans are still living together in certain places, which have gradually become new ghettos. Therefore, it is not only an opportunity but also a challenge to improve the state for Afro-Americans.