The Society of Creation and Kant's Aesthetics
创造社主要成员的文学观念与文学理论与康德美学有较深的关系 ,但以往学界对此有所忽略 ,从而对一些关键性的命题产生误读的现象。创造社“自我表现”中的“自我”趋近于《纯粹理性批判》中的经验表象经悟性统一的“客观”或“对象意识” ,包含有主客体双项内涵 ;文学“无用而有大用”源自《判断力批判》中“美的理想”的二律背反的正反命题 ,两者虽是矛盾 ,却可合题。这两个观点的提出 ,也标志着“现代性”在中国现代文学中的萌生与延展The important members of the Society of Creation were greatly influenced by Kant's aesthetics in their literary idea and theory. The "self" in their "self expression" approaches the "objective" or "consciousness of object" in Critique of Pure Reason. Their idea that literature is useless while of great use originates from the paradoxical theme of "ideal of beauty" in Critique of Judgement. These two viewpoints have also marked the birth and development of "modernity" in modern Chinese literature.