On Artistic Criteria
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
艺术在本质上是人类情感的普遍传达。据此可以逻辑地推定艺术的绝对标准 :每个个体的任何独特情感 (确证感 ) ,都通过不可重复的对象形象 (形式感 ) ,而为每个其他个体所同感(同情感 )。在现实的艺术判断中 ,它可以表述为这样一个相对标准 :个体罕见的情感 (个别 ) ,通过尽量不重复的对象形象 (特殊 ) ,而为尽可能多的人所同感 (普遍 )。接近于全面满足艺术相对标准的是典型。迄今为止的全部人类艺术史 ,就是不断通过塑造艺术典型来实现艺术理想的过程Art is essentially a way of expressing human feelings. It follows that there is an absolute artistic criterion which means that the unique feelings of every individual is empathized by every other individual through images that can't be duplicated. But in reality a relative version of this criterion is used, i.e. the unusual feelings of an individual is empathized by as many people as possible through images that is hardly duplicable. A typical artistic image should meet this relative artistic criterion. The history of art is in fact a process of realizing the artistic ideal by creating typical artistic images.