Rethinking the Philosophical Foundations of Modernity: Habermas's Rejection of the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Consciousness
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
哈贝马斯把理性看作现代性的基础 ,但理性在发展中发生了扭曲 ,使现代性产生了难题。为了寻找解决现代性难题的途径 ,哈贝马斯考察了西方近 2 0 0年来现代性批判的两种传统 ,认为以往哲学家们之所以未能解决难题 ,是因为他们的思路局限在意识哲学范式内。他分析了在意识哲学范式内无法解决难题的原因 ,认为意识哲学的范式已经枯竭 ,解决难题必须拒斥意识哲学 ,重建现代性的哲学基础Habermas regards reason as fundamental to m odernity but believes that distortions occurred during the development of reason, resulting in problems for modernity. In his attempt to find a solution to those problems, Habermas examin es the two traditions in the 200-year-old criticism of modernity and concludes t hat the paradigm of the philosophy of consciousness (PPC) was responsible for ph ilosophers' failure to solve the problems. He analyzes the reasons why the probl ems could not be solved within PPC and argues that PPC is exhausted and that phi losophical foundations of modernity must be reconstructed by rejecting PPC.