Human Nature and Market Economy
- 人文学院－已发表论文 
人性中属于“自然倾向”的东西 ,构成人性的自然本性部分 ,它们本身并不存在善恶的问题。不过 ,一旦进入追逐私利的过程中 ,就有选择与遵从何种道德法则的问题发生 ,这时人性就有了善恶之分。计划经济体制与人的自然本性不相符 ,对此命题的证明可以由经济的与伦理的两方面组成。在规范的情况下 ,市场经济是与人性相符的。它不仅符合人追逐自己利益的自然本性 ,而且还以获利的导向引导人选择善的道德法则。不过市场经济本身潜藏着许多导致道德沦丧的因素 ,因此需要大力提倡与强调个人对社会的义务与责任What consists of the natural quality in human nature is the “natural tendency”, in which there is no distinction between good and evil. But, when human beings comes into the process for pursuing their own interests, then the problem will immediately arise that what kind of moral rules they will choose, and it will results in a difference between good and evil. The system of planning economy doesn’t match with human’s natural quality, this statement can be proven both from the economic as well as ethical sides. On the contrary, under the regulated situation, market economy matches with human nature, not only in the sense that it matches with the natural quality of human nature, but also that it leads human beings to choose good moral rules through showing the benefits. But there are in market economy itself various factors that may cause the ruin of morality, so it requires to promote the personal duties to the society.