The Value Stand of Sociological Studies
反实证主义社会学不赞同实证主义社会学的反价值立场 ,要求把人的价值联系引入社会学研究。但其价值立场是不彻底的 ,仍然从实证主义社会学的反价值立场出发 ,把社会学研究区分为理论认识和价值评价两部分。要彻底摆脱实证主义反价值立场 ,就需要将价值立场引入社会学研究的全部过程 ,把价值评价视为人把握现实的唯一认识方式。社会学研究的价值立场的客观现实基础是人的实践活动的差异 ,它通过价值差异和价值尊严两个方面影响人的认识Anti positivist sociology, contrary to positivist sociology, maintains that ethic should be included in the sociological study. Its ethical stand is, however, not firm and thoroughgoing, as it divides the study into theoretical knowledge and ethical evaluation, which constitutes a part of the ethical stand of positivism. In order to free sociological study from the anti ethical stand of positivism, ethical stand should be included in the whole process of sociological study and ethical evaluation should be regarded as the only way for human beings to understand their life. The difference of social practice, which is the base of the ethical stand, influences human beings by way of ethical difference and ethical dignity.